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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Botswana


Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Botswana has maintained one of the world's highest economic growth rates since independence in 1966, though growth slowed to 4.7% annually in 2006-07. through fiscal discipline and sound management, botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country with a per capita gdp of nearly $15,000 in 2007. two major investment services rank botswana as the best credit risk in africa. diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts for more than one-third of gdp and for 70-80% of export earnings. tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors. on the downside, the government must deal with high rates of unemployment and poverty. unemployment officially was 23.8% in 2004, but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. hiv/aids infection rates are the second highest in the world and threaten botswana's impressive economic gains. an expected leveling off in diamond mining production overshadows long-term prospects.

Environmental Issues

Overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources

Government Type

Parliamentary republic

Population

1,842,323 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)

Location

Southern africa, north of south africa

Area

Total: 600,370 sq km land: 585,370 sq km water: 15,000 sq km

Slightly smaller than texas

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of botswana conventional short form: botswana local long form: republic of botswana local short form: botswana former: bechuanaland

Capital

Name: gaborone geographic coordinates: 24 45 s, 25 55 e time difference: utc+2 (7 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 is the apparent age of voluntary military service; the official qualifications for determining minimum age are unknown (2001)

International Disputes

Botswana still struggles to seal its border from thousands of zimbabweans who flee economic collapse and political persecution; namibia has long supported, and in 2004 zimbabwe dropped objections to, plans between botswana and zambia to build a bridge over the zambezi river at kazungula crossing, thereby de facto recognizing the short, but not clearly delimited, botswana-zambia boundary

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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